Responsabilit socitale et dveloppement durable

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Site de veille et de vulgarisation de la recherche sur le développement durable, l’entrepreneuriat et la PME

Projet du Laboratoire de recherche sur le développement durable en contexte de PME, affilié à l’Institut de recherche sur les PME (INRPME) de l’Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières, Vigie-PME repère, collecte et rend accessible à tous et en un même endroit les derniers développements scientifiques sur les sujets du développement durable et de la responsabilité sociétale associés à l’entrepreneuriat et à la gestion des petites et moyennes entreprises.

 

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Plus de 100 revues scientifiques se retrouvent sous le faisceau de notre système de veille. Les titres et les résumés des textes pertinents sont accessibles à tous, dans la langue originale de publication, sur le Fil de veille. Soyez au courant !

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Vigie-PME est aussi un centre de vulgarisation scientifique. Une équipe de professeurs, de professionnels de recherche et d’étudiants à la maîtrise en gestion (MBA) s’affaire à vulgariser les articles significatifs repérés par le Fil de veille.

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Plusieurs entreprises réalisent des actions contribuant au développement durable, mais toutes ne le font pas de la même façon. Pour aller de l’avant, découvrez le profil de votre entreprise face au développement durable avec la Boussole de la durabilité.

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Radical Innovation for Sustainability: The Power of Strategy and Open Innovation

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Publication date: Available online 22 June 2016
Source:Long Range Planning

Author(s): Steve Kennedy, Gail Whiteman, Jan van den Ende

Sustainability oriented innovation continues to garner increasing attention as the answer to how firms may improve environmental and/or social performance while simultaneously finding competitive advantage. Radically innovating new products and services to replace harmful market incumbents is central to this thesis, yet studies to date have found it to be a highly expensive process with high degrees of uncertainty and risk. Extant research however has largely neglected to examine the details of the actual product innovation process itself and has under appreciated the influence of corporate strategic context. Our paper addresses this gap in the literature through an in-depth case study of a sustainability oriented innovation process for a radical new product within a multinational life sciences company, DSM. Our findings identify five critical organizational practices through which strategic direction has enabled the innovation process: technology super-scouting throughout the value chain, search heuristics that favor radical sustainability solutions, integration of sustainability performance metrics in product development, championing the value chain to build demand for radical sustainability oriented product innovation, and harnessing the benefits of open innovation.






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Predicting job offer acceptance of professionals in Taiwan: The case of the technology industry

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Publication date: July 2016
Source:Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Volume 108

Author(s): Yuan-Hui Tsai, Chieh-Peng Lin, Ya-Chu Hsu, Chu-Mei Liu, Pi-Hsia Yen

Corporate social responsibility (CSR) is defined as a firm's behavior that goes beyond its economic interest to benefit stakeholders and is a critical factor for business organizations to implement in order to successfully increase the job offer acceptance of job applicants. This research examines such job offer acceptance by developing a model based on the social signaling theory and expectancy theory. The hypotheses of this research were empirically tested using the data from professional job applicants at three well-known career fairs for the high-tech industry in Taiwan. The test results show that business practice CSR engagement and recruitment procedural justice positively affect both career success expectation and a firm's attractiveness, which consequently influence job offer acceptance. At the same time, due to its insignificant effect on career success expectation, philanthropic CSR engagement only has a significant impact on a firm's attractiveness. The findings of this research complement prior studies by presenting how business practice CSR engagement, philanthropic CSR engagement, and recruitment procedural justice should be simultaneously taken into account to boost job offer acceptance. Lastly, managerial implications and limitations are provided.






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Context appropriate technologies for development: Choosing for the future

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Publication date: Available online 14 June 2016
Source:Technological Forecasting and Social Change

Author(s): David Feige, Nicholas S. Vonortas

Technology foresight has been increasingly undertaken by developing countries to identify technologies whose adoption might serve as a platform for future economic growth. However, foresight activities have not, by and large, resulted in well-developed policy initiatives. Three factors are relevant for improvement. First, foresight activities would benefit from being more informed by the convergence literature and global convergence experience over the past several decades, and should therefore incorporate organically the concepts of absorptive capacity and technology gap into foresight exercises. Second, certain preconditions – in particular the existence of a functional national innovation system – enhance the likelihood that foresight exercises will be successful. Third, in order to achieve wide buy-in and promote the sustainability of initiatives generated by the foresight activity, developing countries are advised to consult widely in the foresight process. Policies emanating from foresight activities should additionally address two core challenges: a) a clear definition of those technologies that should be developed internally vs. those that should be sourced from abroad and b) identification of the internal capabilities to be developed in conjunction with those technologies targeted for acquisition from abroad.






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A retroductive systems-based methodology for socio-technical transitions research

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Publication date: July 2016
Source:Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Volume 108

Author(s): George Papachristos, Emmanuel Adamides

Socio-technical system transitions research describes and categorizes transitions and explains and identifies their driving causes. In the literature, transition research frameworks have received some critique on whether they can facilitate the search for transition causes. As a response, and in order to cater for the complexity and contextuality of multi system transitions, this paper proposes a retroductive systems-based methodology. The methodology relies on qualitative case study development and quantitative simulation modelling. Retroduction along with modelling and simulation can contribute to the shift from researching single system/technology transitions to multi system/technology transitions. Thus the paper offers a step towards coping methodologically with sustainability transitions that often concern multi system interactions. We demonstrate the use of the methodology by adopting the Multi-Level Perspective on transitions to explain the emergence of the functional foods as a niche in the food/nutrition socio-technical system.






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